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Inflation Reduction Act – Frequently Asked Questions
Please note that information is still forthcoming and evolving. There are several unknowns at the state level, and changes are inevitable.

To help reduce inflation, decrease carbon emissions, and more, the U.S. Government has passed the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA), which includes several tax credits for installing ENERGY STAR® certified home heating and cooling products. The IRA consists of rebates and tax credits for HVAC.

There are two rebate programs available. Rebates are administered at the state level and favor lower-income households. Federally funded rebates cannot be combined and are intended for immediate, point-of-sale benefit.

There are four tax credits available. Tax credits are federal income tax credits available to anyone with taxable income. Tax credits can be combined, and rebates can be filed for the following calendar/tax year.

Tax Section 25C: Nonbusiness Energy Property Credit

  • Provides a tax credit to homeowners equal to 30% of installation costs for the highest efficiency tier products, up to a maximum of $600 for qualified air conditioners and furnaces and a maximum of $2,000 for qualified heat pumps.

Tax section 25D: Residential Energy Efficient Property

  • Provides a tax credit to homeowners equal to 30% of installation costs for ENERGY STAR® geothermal heat pumps until 2032. That percentage drops to 26% in 2033 and 22% in 2034.

Tax Section 45L: New Energy Efficient Home Credit

  • Provides tax credits to builders for meeting specific energy-saving criteria. The tax credits for ENERGY STAR 3.1 certified housing are $2,500 for single-family homes and $500 for multi-family units. To meet the Department of Energy’s Zero Energy Ready requirements, the tax credit increases to $5,000 for single-family and $1,000 for multi-family residences. If prevailing wage requirements are met on multi-family construction, those credits increase to $2,500 and $5,000

Tax Section 179D: Commercial Buildings Energy-Efficiency Tax Deduction

  • Provides a tax deduction for building owners to claim for installing qualifying systems in buildings.
  • Up to $14,000 maximum for all.

High-Efficiency Electric Home Rebate Program

  • Provides income-depending rebates to low to moderate-income (LMI) homeowners, including:
    • Up to $8,000 for all-electric heat pumps
    • Up to $4,000 for electrical load service center
    • Up to $2,500 for electric wiring

HOMES Rebate

  • Provides rebates for energy efficiency upgrades that improve a single-family homes or multi-family building’s overall energy performance.

Research the potential tax credits available, the efficiency requirements to earn the credit and the products that meet those criteria. Then, communicate those potential incentives in every sales presentation.

No.

CEE

The Consortium for Energy Efficiency (CEE) is an award-winning non-profit comprised of U.S. and Canadian energy efficiency administrators working together to accelerate the development and availability of energy-efficient products and services. CEE harmonizes program approaches in North America by supporting the production and market adoption of energy-efficient and connected equipment, installation and maintenance guidance, and facilitating program opportunities for each unique customer.

The CEE equipment specifications for air conditioners, heat pumps and furnaces can be found at the following links. Currently, the direction is that the IRS will require eligibility for 25C to adhere to the highest tier below the Advanced tier for each product. It is still unclear whether the IRS will include regional distinctions, North versus South.

https://cee1.my.site.com/s/resources?id=a0V2R00000sUQbyUAG
https://cee1.my.site.com/s/resources?id=a0V2R00000sUQcXUAW

The highest tier refers to the tier below the “Advanced Tier” with “Tier 1” being the lowest tier if there are multiple tiers listed.

No.

Only M1-rated equipment is applicable.

LMI

Low-to-Moderate Income (LMI) based on the area median income (AMI).

How is LMI determined and who makes that determination?

LMI is determined at the various levels (state, city, county level). Please refer to your local municipal office for information about your area.

Does a list of LMI by state exist?

LMI is determined at various levels (state, city, county level). Please refer to your local municipal office for information about your area.

Do you have a breakdown on what tax credit the homeowner will receive based on income?

Please refer to the TM Webinar Deck for a breakdown of the income levels required for rebate qualification.

The performance requirements for Energy Star and cold climate heat pumps can be found here.

25C

Our understanding is that if both units meet the criteria, both items can be claimed. Please consult with your tax professional for more information

Is there a lifetime cap for a homeowner on this funding?

25C does not have a lifetime cap, but the program expires in 2032.

We are not aware of the documentation that will be required for filing. Please consult your tax professional for more information.

25C is a federal tax credit. The rebate programs, though funded at the Federal level, are administered at the state level, and are funded separately from the IRA in the amount of $4.3 billion for both rebates.

There is no lifetime cap, but there is an annual cap of $1,200 for qualifying products and a separate annual cap of $2,000 for heat pumps. If combining a heat pump with other qualifying products, a homeowner could receive up to $3,200. Please consult your tax professional for more information.

Qualifications

The IRS intends for a qualifying system. If the IRS requires an AHRI certification number, then a heat pump installed would have to be installed on a system combination that meets the requirements. However, we do not know what the IRS will require upon filing.

AHRI has not updated their site to match the 2023 tax requirements or the Energy Star 6.1 requirements.

All of the requirements for 2023 installations reference M1 ratings. There currently isn’t any direction regarding M-rated equipment.

Regardless of the number of systems, the taxpayer is limited by the annual limit. Replacement of one system would likely meet the annual limit so to maximize the tax benefit, they should subsequent systems in later years.

Federal rebates cannot be combined with any other federally funded rebate program included in the IRA. We are unaware of any restrictions for other non-IRA programs.

We do not know this information at this time.

We do not know this information at this time; each state will determine this process.

We do not know this information at this time; each state will determine this process.

No information on this is available at this time. This will be decided at state level.

2022 installations that qualified based on the 2022 criteria can be filed for tax credit in the 2023 tax year. Qualified installations occurring in 2023 need to meet the 2023 criteria and would be included in the household’s 2024 tax filings. Please consult your tax professional for more information.

Please consult your tax professional for more information regarding filing separate claims on multiple systems/homes owned by the consumer.

Talking Points

  1. Dealers should renew efforts in selling higher-efficiency systems by researching the potential tax credits available and the products that meet the efficiency requirements to earn the credit.
  2. Dealers should then communicate potential incentives in every sales presentation and, at the same time, consider reaching out to customers who installed qualifying systems between January 1, 2022, and December 31, 2022, and let them know they may qualify for the credit as well.
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What Customers Are Saying

ATS was very prompt in coming out to fix the issues with my HVAC system. Jordan was very helpful and informative, and he walked me through everything he was doing. He was up front about all the cost and gave informed answers to all the questions I had. We will defiantly use ATS Mechanical and AC again!

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Professional, on time, and quality of service was excellent. Installers cleaned up and left nothing behind. Very happy with service from start to finish. ATS has also provided repair services before the install and I was always very happy with each visit.

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SDC

I have been using ATS Mechanical for several years now, and I have always been impressed with their service and pricing. The owner, Barry Granger, and his techs, Shaun and now Jordan, are super knowledgeable about our system (one unit serving three levels) and ensure it runs optimally. They arrive on time, send a notification when close, and follow up with electronic documentation. I am on an annual plan, which is reasonably priced and includes a discount for parts and repairs. Highly recommend them.

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These guys are amazing, I initially was using another company but called ATS for a second estimate when I had work done back in December and not only was their quote a 4 digit number cheaper, they were very quick, professional and I have not had any issues with their work.
They came out today to repair the other side of my system and not only found the issue, got it fixed and had me back up and running same day. Their guys are very knowledgeable in HVAC and it shows in the quality and expediency of their work.

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The team at ATS Mechanical is first class. We have used them for the last two years and they have always been professional and extremely responsive. It is apparent that they truly care about the quality of their work. I would highly recommend them to anyone needing climate control work at their home or office.

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FURNACE COMPANY SPRING, TX | HEATER INSTALLATION KLEIN, TX | HVAC COMPANY THE WOODLANDS, TX

At ATS Mechanical Heating & AC, we make sure we’re the only call you need to make. No matter the challenge, we resolve it to your satisfaction and deliver lasting results. Whether you’re interested in the purchase of industry-leading equipment or in need of skilled services, we provide honest answers, customized recommendations, and quality you can trust. ATS Mechanical Heating & AC is recognized for unsurpassed standards throughout Cypress, Tomball, Spring, The Woodlands, Conroe, Klein, Louetta, and Kohrville, TX.

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